The Port of Tema is located 28 km east of Accra at 5°38’N and 0°01’E.
There is good anchorage between 1.5 km to 4 km ENE to SW off the main
harbour entrance in depths of 9 metres to 18 metres with good holding
ground. The E area of the anchorage is most suitable without additional
swell reflected from the main breakwater.
Harbour entrance is 240 metres wide with a depth of 12.5 metres. A
heavy swell may be encountered at 400 to 600 metres from harbour
entrance during the monsoon season from April to September which
causes vessels to roll heavily up to 40-80.
For this reason, deep draught vessels enter only at high tide to obtain sufficient
The port requires advance notice of 72 hours prior to estimated time of
arrival (ETA) – before 14.30 hours on Monday to Thursday and before
10.00 hours on Friday for weekend working.
Obtainable by road tankers. All grades of fuel available from Elf, Mobil,
Shell and Goil. Refuelling of all marine craft is carried out by Ghana
Bunkering Services from the fishing harbour. Heavy bunkers available
from the oil berth.
The port is open seven days a week, all year round, except on Christmas
Day and Good Friday when ships are handled only in emergency.
Overtime rates apply on Saturdays, Sundays, public holidays and during
lunch breaks. Main working hours are 07.30-12.30 hours GMT. Two or
three shifts can be worked at the request of the vessel.
The port maintains a 24 hour watch on VHF Channels 14 and 16 and any
other convenient channel. This signal station can reach vessels 140 km
away. During harmattan conditions, vessels can hear the signal 400 km
from port. The Port of Tema is linked with the Global Maritime Distress
and Safety System (GMDSS).
Tema port has 77200m2 of paved area for the storage of containers, steel products and other conventional cargo. The closed storage area, which is about 25,049m2 (2.51 hectares), consists of six (6) sheds with a total storage capacity of 50,000 tonnes of cargo.
Tankers moored alongside the oil terminal must deploy fire wires and
position a floating boom around the vessel. Two fire-fighting pumps are
mounted on the jetty. Tankers up to 244 metres in length and 9.7 metres
draught can be accommodated at the oil berth.
Tidal heights of 1.6 metres at MHWS and 1.3 metres at MLWS and 0.7
metres at MLWN are recorded twice daily.
Towage is compulsory within the harbour. The port authority operates
four tugs: two of 1,866 kW, one of 1,860 kW and one of 1,644 kW. All tugs
are fitted with pumps and monitors for fire-fighting.
Light to strong breezes from W and SW throughout the year except from December-February when the NE harmattan dominates, causing poor visibility.. Dangerous winds are tornadoes from E during May-July. There
is a swell in the harbour, especially after tornadoes which requires about
0.5 metres under the ship’s keel when lying alongside the wharves.
- Maritime Declaration of Health
- Cholera and Yellow Fever Certificates
- Deratting Certificate
- Crew List
- Passenger List
- Ports of call list
- Crew List
- Passenger List
- Ports of call list
- Stowaways list
- Manifest (two copies)
- Dangerous Cargo List
- Crew List
- Passenger List
- Ports of call list
- Port clearance visa stamped by customs at last port of call
- Tobacco, spirits and personal effects
- Arms and ammunition
THE CLEARANCE PROCEDURE>>
The clearance process may look like a very simple procedure to the layman. However, several factors play a part in the cargo clearance process. The shipping lines, Destination Inspection Companies, CEPS, Clearing Agents, all have respective roles to play.
This chain of groups work within a set of procedures and accompanying documentation in order for cargo to be cleared through the port.
- The shipping lines bring in cargo and release requisite documents to agents i.e. a. invoice b. parking list c. freight receipt.
- The destination inspection companies authenticate the documents and thereafter issue a final certificate of valuation report (FCVR). Stating the value of the consignment and the duty payable.
- CEPS undertake valuation of certain category of items and ensure that the correct duty is collected.
- GPHA facilitates the physical clearance process and ensures collection of rent and handling charges.
THE IMPORT CLEARANCE PROCESS>>
The Clearance Procedure involves the following stakeholders:
- Shipping Agents
- Ghana Ports and Harbours Authority
- Customs House Agents
- Destination Inspection Companies (DICs), and
- Receipts /Delivery Service providers.
- Original Bill Of Lading (B/L)
- Attested Invoice
- Import Declaration Form (IDF)
- Tax Clearance Certificate (TCC)
- Tax Payers Identification (TIN) Number
After securing the above documents, the Customs House Agent (Clearing Agent) will do the following:
- Send the above documents to a destination inspection company (DIC) depending on the country of origin for Final Classification Valuation Report (FCVR) to be issued
- Send a declaration electronically through the GC-NET to the Ghana Customs Management Systems (GCMS)
- The CEPS/Agents then validates the declaration by stating the duties and taxes to be paid at the Bank, printout the declaration and effect payment of duties and taxes at ECOBANK or Ghana Commercial Bank
- After payment, attach the bank receipt, the bill of lading, attested invoice, IDF and FVCR to a designated customs officer for verification
- The Original Bill of Lading, Bank Receipt, Customs Declaration (Hard Copy), and/OR Delivery Order (relevant information typed on it by Clearing Agents) are sent to the Shipping Lines for cargo to be released.
- After paying all administrative charges and demurrage, (where applicable) the Delivery Order or the declaration is duly endorsed and given back to the agent by the Shipping Line
- Submit the released D.O as well as the customs declaration (hard copy) to the Receipt /Delivery Service provider/ port/ SCL and pay handling charges, rent, unstuffing and reshuffling charges (where applicable) Information on the declaration (hard copy) would be compared with the one on the GC-Net .If they agree then Cash Delivery Invoice (CDI) would be issued.
- Proceed to the delivery bay for cargo to be located and positioned for customs physical inspection or go for scanning.
- If the information on the declaration and what has been physically examined agree, the customs officer would release the cargo on the declaration (hard copy) and electronically send via the GC-Net to the GCMS that the cargo is released.
- After this a Delivery Tally Sheet or waybill would be issued by Port /SCL to enable the cargo to be loaded onto a truck and exit the port.
- Present all clearing documents to CEPs at the exit gate to confirm (using the GC-Net )if they have released cargo and copies of waybill (DTS) to GPHA Security and Police detailed at the gate to inspect and allow exit as appropriate.
THE EXPORT PROCESS
- Provide details of shipment to the forwarder i.e. Cargo type, volume, destination, shipping line, port of loading, vessel etc.
- Submit the following items to the forwarder for onward submission to CEPS
- Invoice showing unit price and total cost of the consignment
- submit an application to the Assistant Commissioner of CEPS for approval to load or stuff the container
- CEPS subsequently gives approval to load or stuff the cargo in a container
- The forwarder inputs all previously submitted information through the GC-Net
- The shipper has the discretion to choose a shipping line and based on this preference relevant details on freight costs, transit times etc are provided by the shipping line.
- After which a shipping note is issued
- Freight forwarder re-enters any additional information through gc-net and prints out the declaration
- Heads to the long-room verification desk where a compliance officer is assigned. The compliance officer verifies the declaration and assigns an examination officer.
- Inspection is conducted at the loading bay by the examinations officer, Narcotics board and national security, after which the container is sealed.
- A waybill from the loading point and a counter waybill is used for port entry and (GPHA/CEPS) at the export shed is notified. An invoice is raised for payment of handling charges and rent where applicable. This is paid at the GPHA revenue after which a shipping release is issued.
- The waybills together with a photocopy of the declaration are submitted to shipping line representatives to check whether the seal and container numbers are the same as those on the shipping instructions/note. a shipping release is then issued
- GPHA releases the CDI (Cash Deliver Invoice). this is submitted to CEPS by the agent
- CEPS subsequently write out the shipping release and refer it to the shipping line.
- An invoice is subsequently raised for payments of handling charges and certification to the shipping line
- The shipping line raises a provisional bill of lading after certification by the forwarder or shipper
- 72 hours after the vessels departure the original bill of lading is raised by the shipping line
- The forwarder/shipper returns to CEPS for post shipment clearance
- The original bill of lading is finally released to the shipper
- The procedure may have slight variations with different commodities.
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND WASTE RECEPTION >>
Waste reception services are provided by the Tillbury Environmental Group (TEG), a private company.
In conformity with annex I of the MARPOL 73/78 convention TEG collect oily waste in the forms of Sludge, Fuel residue, Oily bilge water, Ballast water.In respect of annex V of the Marpol 73/78 convention TEG collects domestic and operational waste in the forms of Stowage waste, Food waste, General garbage generated via vessel accommodation.
Oil spill preparedness and response is provided by the port’s Estate And Environmental Department in collaboration on a broader scale with the environmental protection agency, Tema Oil Refinery and other related organizations.
TEMA PORT, the bigger of two sea ports of Ghana is located on the east coast of Ghana and 21 nautical miles off the north-east coast of the capital city, Accra. It spans a land area of 3.9 million square metres and is flanked by an industrial city. Within the port’s environs are Inland Clearance Depots (ICDs), Warehouses, Transport and haulage companies and related service centres.
The port consists of 12 berths, two jetties; a fishing harbour and a dry dock with draughts ranging from 8.0 to 11.5m, there are also privately operated offshore SBM and CBM facilities. Most marine services including pilotage, towage and mooring are provided by the port authority. Provisions for this include:
- A port control centre
- AIS systems
- Tug boats and launches
- Online vessel booking
Berthing operations are facilitated by:
- an anchorage with depths from 17metres and above
- a depth of 12.5 metres in the turning basin
- 14 berths ranging between 8.0 and 11.5 metres in depth.
Stevedoring services are provided by ten (10) private companies in addition to the port’s stevedoring section in order to increase competition, encourage efficiency, improve service delivery and increase customer service and satisfaction. The Stevedores are –
- Ghana Ports and Harbours Authority -(GPHA)
- Atlantic Port Services (Private) -(APS)
- Speedline Stevedoring Company (Private)- (SSL)
- Golden Gate Stevedoring Services (Private) -(GGS)
- Gemini Stevedoring Company (Private) -(GMS)
- Advance Stevedoring Company (Private) - ASC)
- Smeedies Stevedoring Company (Private) - )SSC)
- Sir Lab Stevedoring Company (Private) – (SLS)
- Keyport Management Company (Private) – (KMC)
- Link Maritime Services (Private) – (LMS)
- Port Futures Limited (Private) – (PFL)
The ports traffic consists of imports, exports, transit and transhipment of
- Containerized cargo such as 10ft, 20ft, 40ft, Dry, Reefer, Out of gauge containers
- Rollable cargo such as heavy lifts, machinery and equipment, vehicles
- Dry bulk such as grains, fertilizer, clinker, gypsum
- Liquid bulk both Petroleum (liquefied petroleum gas, crude oil) and non petroleum based (ethanol, palm olein)
- Conventional cargo comprising bagged cargo, palletized cargo amongst others.
Tema Port has a total land area of 4,621,860 square metres. Currently there are both open and closed storage areas within 1,347,895 square metres (135 hectares) of the ports land. There is 77 200 square metres paved area for storage of containers, steel products and other conventional cargo with six storage sheds with a 53,000 tonne capacity within the port.
For more statistics on Tema Port traffic click on the “port statistics” icon above.
76% of the ports cargo traffic are imports. These consist mainly of containerized cargo, Break bulk cargo such as rice, sugar, fertilizer etc., liquid and dry bulk cargo.
Exports consist of Agricultural Bulk like cocoa, shea nuts, pineapples, banana etc. most of these cargo are containerized and shipped via reefer vessels or units.The refrigerated fruit terminal with a holding capacity of 2000 tons was completed in 2007; this has contributed to the increase in fruit exports (esp. pineapple and banana) export through the port.
SAFETY AND SECURITY
The port currently handles over 10,000,000 tonnes of cargo per anum. The security of these volumes of cargo and the safety of port users are of extreme importance to us. Thus Tema Port has been ISPS compliant since July, 2004 and is operating at MARSEC level 1. All port installations are manned by 24 hour CCTV surveillance plus professionally-trained security personnel. Port security comprises: 24 hour automated surveillance systems (CCTV), A well trained security work force manning all port zones plus entrance and exit gates (24 hours), Collaboration with Port and Harbours police, and Collaboration with Naval personnel for sea side patrols
Please for all enquiries, contact –
The Marketing and Customer service Manager
P. O. Box 488, Tema
Tel: 233 (0) 303 219120 ext 3090
Or click here to fill our enquiry form and we'll get back to you within two working days.
|For more information on the Port of Tema, please click here for our handbook.